10 Computer Terms That Everyone Should Know

Computer Terms

How many times have you surfed the Internet and seen computer terms (most of the time in English) that you don’t know what they mean? In the digital society in which we live, it is essential to have a series of basic knowledge about these terms, since we find them in our daily lives in many everyday situations. Their understanding will help you to have greater ease in the online world, necessary to communicate in the current context of digital technologies.

Today we want to help you understand a little better the peculiarities of computer language. Take note of these terms!

Dictionary Of Most Frequent Computer Terms

There are thousands of terms and expressions used in the online world to refer to computer processes. We have selected the ten most basic things that every person should know to be able to interact without problems in the digital world. Let’s see them.


They are the different programs that allow a computer to perform certain tasks, which you install on it. Without software, computers would be useless.

For example, there are Internet browser software (such as Chrome or Mozilla Firefox); operating system software (Windows, Mac, Android), etc. The applications that you download on your mobile phone are also software.


If the software is all the internal parts that we cannot touch, the hardware is the physical support of the computer, that is, what is tangible: keyboard, screen, hard drive, etc.

The software and hardware together form what would be the computer system. Both are essential for a computer to function.


Internet, it stores and sends information to our browser, with the aim of improving and optimizing the user experience. For example, when you enter a website for a clothing store and have created an account by entering a username and password, the cookies store that information so that when you return to it, you do not have to log in again, since the page will remember your access data.

Cookies are also used to display information of interest during browsing. Continuing with the example of the online clothing store, if you have made a purchase, when you access that web page again, a list of “recommended products for you” will appear, based on your preferences or on the searches you have carried out previously. in that store.

Cache memory

It is a memory to which the computer processor has direct access, in which the data that is most used is stored, in order to access them more quickly.

For example, if we open a file or program on our computer, a record is created in the cache in such a way that the next time we want to open it, the computer’s processor will search there before the hard disk, making the search be more immediate.

RAM Memory

It is the main memory of a device, the one that stores the data of the programs that are used at all times. Therefore, the data is saved temporarily, only while you are using a specific program.

It is one of the most important aspects to take into account when we buy a computer or mobile phone, since the speed and performance of the programs or applications that you can manage at the same time will depend on the capacity of the RAM memory. For example: browsing various web pages, watching a YouTube video, having a video editing program open.

computer viruses

The generic term to refer to them is malware, although there are many words to designate each of them, depending on their type: adware, spam, phishing, spyware or ransomware, etc.

Computer viruses are malicious programs that are installed on our technological devices (computer or mobile) without consent, and can affect them in different ways: preventing their proper functioning, deleting files and information, stealing data, etc.

It is important to know how to detect them to protect our devices from possible attacks. The best way to avoid them is to install an antivirus on your computer, as well as to avoid opening emails with attachments if you don’t know the sender or downloading programs from unofficial websites.

IP Address

There are two types of IPs:

– Public IPs. It is a unique address assigned to you by the company with which you have contracted Internet access. That is to say, it is like a kind of identity card that serves to know who is who on the Internet. Without it, you can’t surf the net.

If you need to know what your public IP is, there are very useful pages that show it to you, such as CualEsMiIP.com

– Private IP. The ones we use at home are created every time you connect a device to your WiFi network. Each of the connected devices (mobile, printer, computer, etc.) has its own IP.


That device that we have at home and that allows us to have an Internet connection. It is a device that allows technological devices to be connected within the framework of a network. This projects a WiFi signal, making different devices connect to the Internet.

USB Memory

It is a device that allows data to be stored inside and can be connected to any technological device that has a USB port (specific space to insert it). USB memories, also known as pen drives, allow you to transport large files and transfer them from one device to another. For example, you can save photos from your computer and transfer them to someone else’s.


Form of connection that allows (via a cable) to transmit audio and video from one device to another. In order to do this, both must have a connection input suitable for that specific type of cable. This way you can, for example, play a movie on a laptop and watch it on TV, by plugging both ends of the cable into one of the devices.

Now that you know a little more about basic computer language, your Internet experience will be much more satisfying.

Also Read: How To Protect Your Computer From Malware?

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